Not all vegetables need to be peeled before they are eaten but they all need to be washed well first. Old potatoes should be peeled but baby potatoes just need to be scrubbed; young carrots also don’t need to be peeled before they are eaten. The recipe will tell you whether to peel a vegetable or not.
The easiest way to peel a carrot is to hold it in one hand with the tip touching the chopping board then run the peeler downwards, turning the carrot as you go. Then, turn the carrot around the other way to peel the other end.
To peel a potato, wash it first then hold it in one hand. With the peeler in your other hand, hold your thumb against the potato and use your other fingers to pull the peeler towards you. Keep turning the potato.
The fun part of peeling an apple is to spiral around the fruit to see how long you can make the peel. Hold the apple in one hand and pull the peeler towards you, using your thumb to help control it.